How To Use History Dilemmas

READ

Give each student a copy of the dilemma. Read it aloud to the class. 

WRITE

Students write their response to the dilemma. 

SHARE

Students share their responses with a partner or a small group.

DISCUSS

The teacher leads a full class discussion. Students analyze each other's responses.

***Guidelines for teachers using History Dilemmas***
1. Do not ask your students to "act out" the dilemmas. The dilemmas are meant to be read aloud by the teacher. 
2. To get the most out of the dilemmas, it is important to first build a safe, trusting, and mutually respectful environment in your classroom. 
 
3. We can never know what it is really like to be someone else, but this activity, if used carefully, can help build empathy by considering the experiences of others.  
4. Sharing is optional in a full class discussion.  
5. There are no wrong answers. With the exception of mean-spirited or disrespectful answers, it is important to validate every response as a valuable contribution to the class discussion. 
6. Always ask "why". The dilemmas are an opportunity for students to practice critical thinking in complex scenarios. The reasoning behind their decision is more important than the decision itself. 
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© 2019 Chris Seeger